The way knowledge is managed in a company is crucial for gaining competitive advantage. Knowledge management has been recognized by academics and practitioners as important to achieve success and improvement in projects. Achieving continuous improvement is considered a difficult task. The difficulty lies in capturing and storing the knowledge and learning from one individual to another and from one project to another. In this study the researcher has reviewed the mechanisms and processes from recent research which are supposed to facilitate knowledge transfer and learning. Nevertheless, the researchers do not seem to have a common ground on how to facilitate knowledge transfer and learning, even though there are many mechanisms and processes suggested. The researcher has conducted a qualitative case study . The empirical study was done in a Company X. It shows that some of the practices institutionalized by Company X are different from the literature. Moreover, the environment wherein these mechanisms and processes co-exist is particular from what the literature suggests.