The population of Bangladesh is increasing and land is being converted from productive purposes to other uses. Present per capita agricultural land of 0.056 hectare will be decreased to 0.025 hectare by 2050. Land reclamation would offer a new dimension of poverty alleviation by allocating new lands to landless people and for other productive development. In such context this book aims to explore on the apposite land reclamation techniques and new town development strategy in Bangladesh. To generate this book; basic concepts, available techniques some cities developed on reclaimed land have been studied to produce ideas about major difficulties to develop such cities. Besides that the driving forces of land reclamation for Bangladesh are also tried to find out. Based on these driving forces, rate of land accretion and erosion and analysis of basic features of Bay of Bengal, potential locations of land reclamation have been identified. Project inflow-outflow activities have been discussed to conceptualize and generate the project. Finally, a group of actors has been delineated who could get involved in the initiation and implementation of land reclamation projects.