The frequent and repetitive assessment of forest surveying and mapping is important. The traditional practices for surveying and mapping of forests are cumbersome and time taking, therefore, the satellite remote sensing techniques and GIS seems to be the need of the time for early, accurately and inexpensively mapping of landuse and vegetation of forests. Measurement of both qualitative and quantitative aspects of forest for any locality is important. In this regard the present study was carried out to characterize the land use and vegetation of a dry tropical forest ecosystem in India through satellite remote sensing techniques and GIS. The variations in structure, diversity, standing volume, above ground biomass and Carbon storage in different forest types/classes were quantified by adopting quadratic sampling procedures. This book is extremely helpful and targeted to the group working in the field of vegetation analysis, landuse assessment, forest mapping and estimation of volume, biomass and carbon in forests. This book is particularly useful to the target group concerned with carbon sequestration and carbon business.