For a country like Nepal, where the majority of people are still dependent on agriculture based economy, the existing limited flat agricultural lands are of utmost importance due to its geographical constrains and associated social and religious values. While in the other hand, prime agricultural lands of the country, mainly the Kathmandu valley, which produced the staple food, is decreasing at the cost of urban growth. Thus, the book emphasises, to find the answers of implications of threats to food security in case of urbanising urban fringes in Kathmandu valley. The availability issues in terms of local staple food production within the valley, relating its historical, social and religious perspectives and the on going urbanization, are studied, to explore the issue of food security in context of Kathmandu valley. Literatures studies, followed by the case specific study is the major study methodology followed and the rationalism of the theoretical study of the problem is deduced through case specific studies. The study should be useful to the urban planners, architects, policy makers and to all those interested in exploring knowledge in the field of land use change.