This qualitative study aims to address the current understandings of English language assessment of both the teachers and students in the secondary schools in Bangladesh. The study indicates that there has been a gradual shift in the assessment process and the teachers were trying to use individual assessment strategies to motivate the students’ learning. Both the teachers and the students in the study emphasised that current assessment is mainly based on reading and writing. However, for overall development of language skills, the secondary English language curriculum may need to be redesigned so that all the four skills are able to be included in the assessment system. Better opportunities for training to develop teachers’ effectiveness and their knowledge of learners should be considered also. This research study would definitely help the English language teachers as well as the language researchers both for the school level and advanced level.