This monograph presents the research of leadership characteristics and skills in employees in schools in Serbia and their connection with pedagogical competences and personality dimensions. A general hypothesis, which is the starting point of this researc, states that employees in Serbian educational institutions possess leadership characteristics and recognize them as important traits that employees in education should possess. This paper has applied techniques of interviewing and scaling, as well as instruments in the form of questionnaires and attitude scales. The research population covered elementary and secondary schools in Serbia, while the research sample consisted of 252 respondents, including principals, vice-principals, teachers and professional associates (psychologists and pedagogues). The data obtained were processed with the descriptive analysis, principal component analysis, measures of linear and multiple correlation and discriminant analysis, and point to expressed leadership characteristics in employees in educational institutions in Serbia, as well as their connection with the respondents' pedagogical competences and personality traits.