This is a book about the "Rohingya", a group of religious, ethnic and linguistic minority people of Myanmar but now large number of whom live in Bangladesh as refugees and illegal migrants. They became stateless people when the Government of Myanmar enacted "Myanmar Citizenship Law" in 1982 which constitutionally excluded them as the citizens of Myanmar. Besides, the Government of Bangladesh has always been reluctant in accepting them even as refugees in its land. Therefore, the Rohingyas now hold the identity of statelessness in Myanmar and the fate of refugee-hood in Bangladesh. This book presents a comprehensive picture by giving critical look and re-look at the popular narratives regarding the Rohingya refugee problem that both Bangladesh and Myanmar have been dealing with for decades. By so doing, the book provides an alternative readings to understand the Rohingya refuges issues from wider, deeper and holistic perspectives.