Revision with unchanged content. Lifestyle Economics explores several links between health, lifestyle, and the labor market. Special emphasis is given to health equality, obesity, and alcohol problems. This is done in the context of Iceland, which is important and interesting in an international context. The Icelandic government takes financial responsibility for the medical-care demands of its citizens, to the point where non-governmental funding of such consumption has been negligible for several decades. The same holds true for disability-related income replacements. With one of the most expensive centralized medical systems in the world it is important to see if the equalitarian goals of this system have been effectively attained. Thus, this book should be interesting for researchers, policy makers and the interested public alike.