In our contemporary world, the urban areas are categorized as slum and non-slum areas mainly on the basis of structural quality of housing and sanitation. The living environment in the slum areas are unhealthy. Similarly, the sanitation facilities are also not good as compared to non-slum areas. This book explores the living condition in slum a and non-slum areas and attempts a comparative analysis of both areas of India. It not only provides a comparative picture of living environments of slum and non-slum area but, also compares distinct morbidity in both areas of India. It is unique in the sense that no study of such type has been conducted so far taking all major cities of India. The study finds that prevalence of different diseases among women and children is high in comparatively small cities. In addition to that the study shows that the sanitation environment and household environment is significant contributor for different diseases. This book is useful for people studying Demography and Public Health. Alternatively, the book is also handy for those studying Geography and Urbanization, particularly, Urban Planners.