Many protected areas in Kenya are inextricably linked to their adjacent areas and dispersal areas by the movement of migratory wildlife species. Despite of this ecological importance the functional relationships between protected areas and their adjacent areas and dispersal areas were not taken into consideration during the establishment of these protected areas. This is well demonstrated in the Nairobi National park ecosystem through the Kitengela wildlife dispersal area. In most instances,socio-economic activities undertaken in areas adjacent to protected areas have great implications on sustainable biodiversity conservation and local livelihoods.This book offers great lessons on integrated wildlife ecosystem conservation and management.It also provides basis for ecosystem monitoring and evaluation by use of vegetation trends. The conclusions and recommendations of this book will be useful to relevant stakeholders in sustainable wildlife ecosystem management to include; policy makers and implementers, wildlife conservation organizations, academicians, researchers, Civil Society Organizations, adjacent communities to protected areas and in all parts of the world.