Theater is an effective way of self-representation and a powerful weapon used in order to subvert hegemonic values. When considering contemporary drama, mainly the one produced by the so-called minority groups, it is possible to find several authors who made of their works site for protest against oppression, violence and discrimination imposed by the excluding colonial discourse. One clear example of such a work is the play "A Raisin in the Sun" written by the African-American writer Lorraine Hansberry. After some initial considerations related to the theory of drama, this book highlights some of the challenges that ''the Other'' faces while searching for his/her identity and better opportunities promised by the American Dream in the play "A Raisin in the Sun". Besides, the book discusses some recent translation theories and underlines some of the challenges to be faced during a translation of "A Raisin in the Sun" due to the cultural aspects embedded in the text.