Stresses create barriers in normal growth and developmental processes of plants. Plant life cycle is distorted variably depending upon severity of stress, type of stress and growth stage of plant. Among stresses drought is most severe regarding adverse effects to the agricultural crop productivity at Global level. Among cereals, maize is very important cereal due to multiple utilization for versatile purposes. Drought also affects the maize as it does with other crops so, there is dire need to recognize the effects of drought on maize in detail. This book is typically focusing on interference by drought in maize life cycle. Determination of possible effects on a plant enables the researcher to explore the resources to ameliorate the adverse effects of stress. Furthermore, recognition of plant traits to exploit in breeding, selection and screening of germplasm is also very critical stage in-order to identify suitable traits. This book also include the traits to be used as selection criteria for improvement against drought stress in maize.