ShorttitleMalaria is the most frequently diagnosedillness and a principle cause of death among childrenaged below five years in Kenya. The consequence isnot just an intolerable burden for individuals, thehouseholds and national health systems, but also tothe socio-economic development of such endemic areas. This book details the assessment of malariaprevalence among children aged below five years andresponse strategies at the household in Kenya. Inaddition, the book also offers an explanation on howsocio-economic characteristics influence malariamorbidity and adoption of response strategies in thestudy area. Such an assessment is useful in providingclear understanding of the malaria morbidity burdenand how the affected households cope with theproblem. This book provides a basis on which theintended users such as, policymakers, healthcareplanners, malaria control programmes/agencies andaffected communities develop and implementappropriate and effective interventions to countermalaria among the under-fives at the household levelin malaria endemic areas in Kenya.