Organization configuration - the arrangement between organization strategy and structure - has been investigated widely at the organization level. The research demonstrates that configuration matters to organization performance. Though common knowledge suggests that configuration emanates from the individual and group levels, research at these levels is at best scant. The knowledge gap on how configuration builds from individual and group processes into organizational realities limits the managerial utility of the current literature. This book tackles the gap by investigating how managers understand and act on configuration. With a focus on three configuration-making concepts, long interviews with middle and top managers are analyzed from a "symbolic interactionist" perspective. The analysis generates a framework and propositions about configuration-making from the individual manager''s point of view. This book will appeal to students of qualitative research, scholars of meaning-making, and all professionals concerned with how strategy-structure arrangements are conceived and acted upon by individual managers in organizations.