This book focuses on the Ogoni conflict in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. There exists abundant scholarly materials on the conflict and wide-ranging prognostications on its causes. However, scholarship has been bogged down in controversy over whether economic self-interest or legitimate desire to protect community and environment propelled the conflict. The book seeks to extend scholarship on the Ogoni conflict by testing the analytical utility of a conflict model, Marginalized Violent Internal Conflict (MVIC), to attempts to fully comprehend the nature of the conflict. The author argues that the model, developed by Dan Tschirgi following a study of the Gamaa Al'' Islamiyya (Egypt) and the Zapatista (Mexico) conflicts, provides better understanding of the causes and dynamics of the Ogoni conflict.