This book discusses two very important issues of chidren in the developing world i.e.,malnutrition and measles. These two conditions carry a high mortality rate even as separate entity. But when these conditions occur in the same child simultaneously, the mortality increases many fold. If the measles is complicated by Pneumonia, gastroenteritis or encephalitis, then the situation is even worse. Keeping in mind the importnce of the topic, we have tried to gauge the situation in the real scenario. These problems are at the priority of the WHO regrding its effforts to reduce the mortality of the children in the developing world. This book will be a little bit guidline to plan the strategies to rduce the malnutrition rates in the children in the developing world. At the same time efforts are needed to improve the vaccination against measles.