Nowadays intellectual capital and its measurement have become very important issues for companies and knowledge-based organizations. The reason is the significant value that could be provided for the organizations by this intangible asset. This kind of asset cannot be seen in the balance sheet but can generate high values for organizations and lead them to gain competitive advantages. This research aims to measure the Intellectual Capital of the Faculty of Sciences of SCU (Shahid Chamran University) and investigate the trend of its development during the years 2008-2010. There are some suggestions presented in the last chapter of the book to improve the situation of the university in terms of its intellectual capital.