Today, mentoring is a common activity in teacher education. Mentoring practices is seen as a professional development strategy for achieving a variety of goals. It is seen also as a mechanism as part of the activities to improve the school support system in meeting the needs of professional learning, a conducive learning environment, and also to overcome attrition especially of novice teachers. To enable teacher trainees to be successful in their teaching practicum, there are many mentoring components that could help mentees (teacher trainees) and teacher mentors in initial teacher training. A good mentoring program would be able to help both mentees and teacher mentors during the practicum. This book highlights some of the effective mentoring components which could contribute to effective mentoring practices in school. The significant mentoring components are meeting the different needs of mentees and teacher mentors and providing both professional and psychological support during the practicum.