This publication is devoted to the pressing problems of metabolic syndrome and their scrutiny. Data presented includes fresh information on classification and diagnostics of glucose homeostasis abnormalities, physiology and pathophysiology of glucose metabolism and lipid exchange. The treatment of metabolic syndrome manifestations has become a critical issue. The book includes findings on etiology and pathogenesis of the syndrome and introduces up-to-date treatment methods. A separate chapter presents material on hypolipidemic therapy in the course of the syndrome. The book is intended for the use in professional education, further training of general practitioners and by students of medical schools.