Interaction between migration and development occupies lately a prior position in the international institutions and national governments’ plans. More appropriately, it has arisen to the top of the development agenda and draws the attention of governments, civil societies, and researchers all over the world after having been of marginal interest to development studies and policy for many years. However, there is a great need for empirical research on the female migration. We are also in need of deep studies which show when and how migration has a positive or negative outcome for development in rural areas. There should be more research and assessment of how internal and international migration, mainly of men, has affected the daily activities of rural women migrants and ‘left behind’, and their influence on household decision-making. Much more focus on internal rural-urban migration, which was considered to cause social dislocation and create urban unemployment.