Biodiversity is one of the important cornerstones of sustainable growth and represents the biological riches of the country. India is one among the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the universe that accounts vast number of insect species, of which Lepidopteran insects particularly moths are dominating and fascinating group. The northern Maharashtra also represents good faunal diversity, present work helps to identify some aspects of diversity of the moth fauna of the area which is not carried out previously. This book deals out not merely in the identification of moths, but also offers information regarding methods to conduct diversity studies for moths. This book has offered a catalogue of the moth fauna of North Maharashtra for the first time and sets the basis for systematic research in the field. In all, 405 moth species belongs to 23 families have been identified and illustrated with their images.