Modernization Phenomenon, as a feature of the contemporary world, involves changes that occur as societies move from traditional to large scale urban complex character. This phenomenon has made it difficult for traditional religious concepts and practices to be observed in total. This book traces the history of Islam in Kenya, as it was confronted with a well organized African Traditional Community; the Abawanga Kingdom of Western Kenya, and the resultant Muslim demography. The book eventually analyzes the effect of modernization on the morals of young African Muslims as they struggled with the endeavor to match faith and action as was required by Islam. The resultant double heritage of Islam and African Religion as it is confronted with the modern phenomenon, and it?s production of a unique form of religious institutionalization is a major theme examined in the book. This book is particularly significant to all those students interested in African Religions in general, and religion and social change in Africa in particular.