Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. A branch of nanotechnology, the field of nanomaterials studies materials with morphological features on the nanoscale, and especially those that have special properties stemming from their nanoscale dimensions. An important aspect of nanotechnology is the vastly increased ratio of surface area to volume present in many nanoscale materials, which makes possible new quantum mechanical effects. One example is the “quantum size effect” where the electronic properties of solids are altered with great reductions in particle size. Learn more about the promising field of nanomaterials, its achievements and their applications in this book.