The book has been divided in to five chapters each dealing with different aspects of the management of natural resources at village level. The book briefly describes introduction of natural resources and panchayati raj system of Sikar district of Rajasthan State, India. The book describes details of blocks, flora and fauna, land use, forestry, forest management, forest area, agriculture, irrigation, means of irrigation, crop pattern, afforestation and pasture development, watershed etc. The present scenario of natural resource management through villagers is very important to conserve the nature. This book gives a wide picture of management of natural resources by villagers. This book is based on field research.