From sports participation to sport specific conditions, this state of the art text contributes comprehensively in the domain of physical education and sports sciences contextualizing the knowledge and theory that forms the underpinning of our knowledge behaviour in relation to neuromuscular components of fitness and physiological variable among basketball players of different level of achievement. Sport performance has taken a great leap over the last 20 years. Technology has enhanced our level of performance greatly through improved equipment and nutritional products. Back in the 1980’s it was good enough to be fitter than your opponent, that would secure the win; it was good enough to have more technical skills, it would ensure the upper hand; even having tactical skills would allow for an advantage. Today however, everybody is as fit, as technically and tactically advanced as their opponent. The playing fields have been leveled once again. This book may contribute towards promotion of athletic performance by means of helping physical education teachers and coaches to develop sound training program besides devising remedial training program.