The search for alternative development agents, global orientation towards neo-liberal policies and the shift in development approaches from modernization to social and human development boiled down to rapid proliferation of Local NGOs(LNGO) in the Global-South. The entry of LNGOs shifted the role of International NGOs (INGO) from direct implementers to partners whose major responsibility was to develop the capacity of the LNGOs. After more than two decades of INGO-NGO partnerships pursuing capacity building and sustainable development, whether or not greater capacity is attained by LNGOs and whether or not greater development effectiveness and sustainability are achieved is debatable. This book considers these issues and analyses the proximity of reality with the rhetoric through a case study of NGOs in Nepal. This book should help to inform the NGO partnership debate further and should be useful particularly to NGO workers, professionals, academicians and anyone who is interested in NGO and development sector.