Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become quite prominent in the field of international development in recent decades. NGOs that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development. Like in other countries, non-governmental and civil society actors are visible on the overall institutional landscape of Ethiopian society. Urban Agriculture(UA) program undertaken by the NGOs is targeting the most vulnerable groups in the society including, Person Living With HIV/AIDS( PLWHA), Orphan and Vulnerable Children (OVC), and women headed households. These socially excluded households engaged in food production and become productive by using very small plots of land, marginal and vacant open places and using different kits. NGOs role for the promotion of UA quiet indispensable in addition to creating employment, income and livelihoods diversification at target groups (PLWHA) in particular and as a City in Addis Ababa in general.