Poor memory, lower retention and slow recall are common problems in today''s stressful and competitive world. Herbal medicines are being increasingly sold in market with indications of enhancing cognition and memory. Whether these are of proven efficacy or not is not known. Most of the products available in market with indications suggestive of memory and cognition enhancing ability were herbal preparations. Most of the preparations had multifold and ambiguous indications. There was no information available about the duration of treatment, side effects or toxicity,drug interactions or precautions in most of the preparations. The product information available is incomplete with majority of the preparations. This book, therefore, provides the methods and guidelines for testing the efficacy of such formulations. The book mainly focuses on evaluation of safety and efficacy of formulations in preclinical behavioral models. The data should be especially useful to students, researchers working in the fields of neuropharmacology and herbal drug screening, or anyone else who may be considering utilizing the methods drug development process and for marketing efforts.