Over the last few decades environment information has reached an extraordinary level.In fact, prior knowledge of cyclones, floods and droughts establish that this information can be a crucial tool during an urgent situation and in taking anticipatory action for climate change mitigation. Dealing with today's environmental challenges such as adaptation to climate change, managing ecosystems and natural resources in a sustainable manner, protecting biodiversity, preventing and managing environmental crises such as floods, forest fires, and water scarcity depend on the assessment of data from a variety of sectors and sources. One of the main sources include manuscript and books that has flooded the market in the recent past. It has affected the decision making process and as such, the contemporary world is better equipped for such challenges. This book is especially designed for undergraduate students, researchers and early stage research scholars who are ready to take the environment challenges.