Mining industry has diverse environmental implications and repercussions. Reclamation and reforestation of mined out areas have become necessary due to stern environmental legislations. Soil characteristics play an important role in mobility of nutrients and heavy metals in the system. Knowledge about specific plants that help in ameliorating contaminated soils is equally essential. Thus, assessment of soil properties becomes obligatory in order to understand their distribution on a spatio-temporal scale, which can be helpful during mine restoration. The audience for this book consists of a multitude of researchers such as environmental engineers, mine engineers, technologists and government agencies. The chapters represented facilitate establishing a starting point for new ideas and further contributions. An effective environmental management of mine sites requires a thorough understanding of soil chemical processes. The research presented here is highly recommended to researchers, under and post-graduate students who wish to update their knowledgebase on research developments in Environmental Sciences and allied issues.