It was found that there is a significant increase in overweight and obesity among men and women in India during last two decades. So attention should be paid on overweight and obesity coexisting with under nutrition at the national level. Several general and health problems were found significantly higher among overweight and obese men and women compared to normal men and women, therefore obese peoples should be given special attention by health providers and policy makers. There is an urgent need to recognize the gravity of the problem of obesity and therefore incorporate it in the general health system. A healthy lifestyle should be promoted to tackle this emerging health threat. Governments in many developing countries with high levels of under nutrition and high prevalence of communicable diseases have paid little attention to the problems of overweight and obesity. Now, with a rapidly growing obesity epidemic and associated chronic diseases the situation is beginning to change. Health care providers and policy makers need to appreciate this important and emerging problem of obesity and pay more attention to develop effective policies and programmes to prevent obesity.