Despite significant efforts to improve safety,
occupational accidents continue to occur at an
unacceptable rate. Most research attempts to convince
stakeholders that the problem can be solved by
improvements in a particular area, such as protective
equipment, corporate safety culture, or training.
This work adopts the alternative approach that
accident causation is holistic and also includes
unconventional external influencing factors such as
the price of oil and societal value placed on life.
This book reviews approaches to accident causation
and modelling taken by researchers over the past half
century. An analysis of current statistics is
presented, which demonstrates significant differences
in accident rates between regions and companies, and
when performing different activities. Based on the
resulting conclusion that accidents are influenced by
elements at direct, corporate, and external levels, a
holistic model has been developed which predicts
accident rates. The present work was based on the oil
and gas industry, but the concepts are easily
transferred to others. The book will be useful to
safety professionals in all industries.