Since the 1990s, oil violence in the Niger Delta has constituted festering sores on the thumbs of the Nigerian state, the Multinational Oil Companies (MNOCs), and the Niger Delta communities. The deployment of physical force by the dramatis personae in petro-business, for the achievement of their respective goals with regards to the appropriation of crude oil and its accruable benefits had continued unabated until the granting of general amnesty to the armed non-state actors, by late President YarAdua on 25 June 2009. Cognizant of the fact that the earlier use of amnesty by the Nigerian state as a strategic state policy for diffusing oil violence only resulted to the de-escalation of conflict without an enduring peace, this edited book is therefore, a contribution to the search for durable panaceas for checkmating the resurgence of oil violence in the Niger Delta. The various writers analytically interrogated the variegated issues pertaining to oil violence and proffered solutions for the advancement of lasting peace, security and stability in the region. This compendium should therefore be very useful to students, scholars, diplomatic professionals,statesmen and policy makers.