This thesis evaluates the waste management system in the province of Manitoba, Canada and other jurisdictions to identify best practices for organic waste management, and barriers and opportunities to improving the waste management sector's impact on the environment. Multiple methods were used. First, a survey of expert stakeholders in the waste management sector in Manitoba was conducted, which was followed by an expert stakeholder meeting that further refined the results of the survey. Second, waste management systems of Manitoba, Canada, Nova Scotia, Canada, New South Wales, Australia, and Denmark were compared to determine which of the options already in use by other jurisdictions might be useful in Manitoba. Third, an estimation of the amount of organic waste entering landfills in Manitoba was conducted, along with an estimation of the resulting methane emissions from landfills to determine their greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, this thesis provides specific recommendations for the province of Manitoba to improve its waste management system.