Nowadays the terms organizational behavior and human resource management are being increasingly used by both practitioners and researchers. The changes in today’s business environment, triggered a number of changes in management and organizational practice that pointed in the organizational behavior and human resource management direction. Therefore, a relatively critical body of academic literature concerning organizational behavior and human resource management has emerged. In this essence, this book attempts to develop an understanding of the important issues and challenges in the fields of Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management. It is a must for business students and the busy professional manager alike. This collection covers some of the main issues associated with people management. Each essay provides a valuable shorthand to understanding the content of the main issues and the contested debates around it. In this book, some contemporary issues in Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management will be reviewed and discussed.