Child mortality is one of the most important measures of a country's development. Child mortality remains very high for most countries more so in developing countries from causes that can be easily prevented by simple means at community level. These measures coupled with availability of essential drugs contribute drastically to the reduction of childhood deaths. This book reviews some of these measures and is especially useful for students pursuing training in public and community health. The author has used these notes in training students pursuing training in public health with very good results and it is hoped that other students would greatly benefit from them.