Dairying is the lifeline of the smallholders in Indian subcontinent. Organizational diagnosis has been proven an effective management tool for maintaining the health and rapid growth of the dairy organizations in India so that livelihood and income of the millions dairyman could be sustained. This book contains the methodology for empowering the farmers with improved technology for enhancing the quality and clean milk production which is the major challenges before the scientific fraternity engaged in dairy research and extension. This exercise laid emphasis on the diagnosis of the organizational processes involved in the smallholders’ dairying and its impact on the dairy farmers in terms of the income and employment. Organizational diagnosis is helpful for the extension researchers, dairy managers and field personnel in improving their efficiency. This book will be instrumental for the academicians, development planners, policy makers and researchers for dairy development efforts in developing countries, in general and India, in particular.