Osteoporosis is a systemic disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and increased susceptibility to fractures of the hip, spine, and wrist. Due to its important prevalence worldwide, osteoporosis is considered a serious public health concern associated with disability and pain.* Osteoporosis affects over 200 million people worldwide.* One in three females and one in eight males will develop osteoporosis.*TreatmentThere are several medications used to treat osteoporosis, depending on gender. Medications themselves can be classified as antiresorptive or bone anabolic agents. Antiresorptive agents work primarily by reducing bone resorption, while bone anabolic agents build bone rather than inhibit resorption. Lifestyle changes are also an aspect of treatment.*PreventionMethods to prevent osteoporosis include changes of lifestyle. However, there are medications that can be used for prevention as well. As a different concept there are osteoporosis ortheses which help to prevent spine fractures and support the building up of muscles. Fall prevention can help prevent osteoporosis complications.