People with AIDS often suffer from major physical and psychosocial distress due to their experience of serious life-threatening illness. The palliative care needs of AIDS patients at Tikur Anbessa hospital are very high and interrelated. Their palliative care needs are not addressed by the existing health care services due to limited access. Besides the available services are not holistic and they are not integrated with other services. Therefore promoting standard palliative care services for patients and their families is important to alleviate their distress and improve their quality of life. This book focuses on exploring the palliative care needs of AIDS patients from the perspectives of the AIDS patients and health care providers. The book came up with workable recommendations which could be used as an input in designing and implementing appropriate palliative care services in existing heath care system.