The 12 essays in this book are amongst the papers read at the 19th Annual Conference of the Archaeological Association of Nigeria held recently at the Ahmadu Bello University,Zaria, Nigeria. The different essays focus on different areas in Nigerian Archaeology.Given the dearth of materials on Nigerian Archaeology, it is our hope that this collection of essays will fill various gaps in our understanding of Nigeria’s past. Chapter 1 and 2 deal with environmental issues in Nigerian Archaeology while Chapters3 and4 deal with regional syntheses of archaeological work in the South South and South East regions of Nigeria. Chapter 5 discusses the Middle Stone Age site of Saminaka in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Chapter 6 explores the archaeology of the Ufe area while Chapter 7 is an archaeological report on the historic site of Onumoba in Kogi State, Nigeria.Chapter 8 reports on new Carbon 14 dates from Tsauni in the Zaria area while Chapter 9 is a report on Gora Bafai,Chapter 10 is on education and training,chapter 11 is on the stunted growth of Nigerian Archaeology while the last Chapter examines identity issues on the Dass Plateau.We recommend the book for students of Nigerian Archaeology.