Serious minded writers have always found themselves questioning what is usually taken for granted, and have generally found the task exciting, though vastly under-appreciated. Bertrand Russell found it hard to focus on mathematics and logic by remaining indifferent to social and political discontent around him. His works of prose stand out as a monumental contribution to political discourse and human development. Unlike most of the western philosophers, he questions the basis of western political thought. He discourages aggression, hostility, political and economic exploitation, and many other preeminent aspects of the western culture and thought which have destabilized the world of today. Present research work is designed to show the significance of his Post World War-II Essays for peace and security of the human kind, in particular, their relevance at the present time.