In the Republic of South Sudan, particularly, the Sudd wetland; land competition and land disputes have intensifies for the last nine years. When peace came to South Sudan in the year 2005, the management of land and its resources has been one of the critical challenges facing the Government in Juba and all the 10 States. More recently, the exploitation of high-value natural resources, including oil, and other minerals has often been cited as a key factor that trigger violent conflicts in the South Sudan. In the Sudd wetland, however, increasing competition and conflict for diminishing renewable resources, such as land, water, fisheries, and grazing pastures has been on the rise. Further still, this is being further aggravated by population growth, proliferations of small arms in the hands of civilians, competition over natural resources by international corporations, commercialization of land and climate change. This small research on land conflict in Republic South Sudan a leeway to other researchers, students, and civil society who might be interested on land issues.