High school and college athletic coaches (AC) in many countries are expected to teach physical education (PE) classes even though coaching and teaching are not the same profession. Research shows that an individual can function effectively as an AC and a PE teacher; these individuals are called dual role physical educators (DRPE). Fundamental similarities exist between the roles of AC and PE teacher; the differences between coaching and teaching, however, are not well documented. This book explored the differences between these two roles in terms of the role conflicts and the instructional behaviors. Findings from a systematic observation study conducted with ten NCAA Division III college athletic teams provide a deeper understanding of DRPE and ways to balance the responsibilities of DRPE. Findings reveal that Hustle and Post-instructional behaviors are more important for coaching while Management and Positive-modeling behaviors are more essential for teaching. Recognition and awareness of these differences will enable the DRPE to deal with the dual role job conflicts successfully and more effectively balance their coaching and teaching jobs.