The Protection of People Living with HIV/AIDS under International Human Rights Law analysed and expounded upon the inequalities and difficulties faced by people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. It examined how national public health policies interface with human rights issues and recommended a UNAIDS convention. The thesis explored the underlying determinants and facilitators of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and argued for the adoption of communitarian and egalitarian ideologies in combating the pandemic. It suggested a new approach that will adopt a collective human rights and participatory theory that includes the community while still recognising the significance of individual human rights. The thesis analysed the relationship between multinational corporations and human rights law, and their human rights duties. It argued for the allocation of legally binding human rights responsibilities for multinational corporations and power to sign treaties along with states, while states remain responsible for fulfilling and protecting human rights. The thesis further explored the controversies surrounding the interpretation of TRIPS Agreement in relation to human rights principles.