This book aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both Basic English language skills and English language areas (i.e. vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation) in present times. Reasons for using literary texts in English language classroom and main criteria for selecting suitable literary texts in English language classes are stressed so as to make the reader familiar with the underlying reasons and criteria for language teachers'' using and selecting literary texts. Moreover, literature and the teaching of language skills, benefits of different genres of literature (i.e. poetry, short fiction, drama and novel) to language teaching and some problems encountered by language teachers within the area of teaching English through literature (i.elack of preparation in the area of literature teaching in TESL / TEFL programs, absence of clear-cut objectives defining the role of literature in ESL/EFL, language teachers'' not having the background and training in literature, lack of pedagogically-designed appropriate materials that can be used by language teachers in a classroom context) are taken into account.