In this book the channel estimation techniques for OFDM systems based on Block Type Pilot arrangement are investigated. Finally, the DFT based channel estimation technique is performed which gives better performance over LS and MMSE based channel estimation.With same SNR, the BER of DFT based channel estimation is less than the BER of LS and MMSE based channel estimation. The MMSE estimator has good performance but high complexity. The LS estimator has low complexity, but its performance is not as good as that MMSE estimator basically at low SNR. Block Type Pilot arrangement is suitable for frequency-selective channels. For the fast-fading channels, however, it might incur too much overhead to track the channel variation by reducing the pilot symbol period.As the use of pilot symbols for channel estimation decrease the spectrum efficiency of the wireless communication systems, it will be beneficial if we can adaptively change the number of pilot tones depending on the channel condition through some feedback information.