In this era of global competition, organizations cannot afford uncommitted and unmotivated employees. An effective system of performance appraisals is an integral component of the performance management system, allowing employees to feel that their contributions add to the success of the organization and motivating employees to strive to add to that success. The book intends to find out, to what extent, the appraisal system is measuring the relevant aspects of work performance and how it affects the workforce by studying the impact on employee motivation level. It also focuses to evaluate if performance appraisal system can be used as a predictor to improve employee motivation and what factors motivate or de-motivate employees with regard to job content and context factors. Furthermore, the book analyses how appraisals are implemented in local perspective and its user acceptance. It will determine the increase/decrease in motivation of employees with respect to the effectiveness of performance appraisal system.