The present study was aimed at exploring the relationship between personality traits and marital adjustment, among working and non-working married women. Sample of the study consisted of 100 working and non-working married women (working married women = 50, non-working married women = 50). Their age ranged between 25 to 46 years. Adjective checklist (John, 1990) was administered in order to measure the level of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness among working and nonworking married women. Urdu Translation of Dyadic Adjustment Scale (Naseer, 2002) was administered to measure the Marital Adjustment of the entire sample. Results indicated that there was no correlation between the personality traits and marital adjustment. However it was found that working married women were facing more problems in their married life as compared to non-working married women.