This book presents a case study of the Pesantren Daarut Tauhiid (DT) in Bandung West Java, which represents an emerging trend in recent years in Indonesia, that is the growing popularity of what we refer to here as the ‘virtual pesantren''. Employing such a term in relation to the pesantren tradition – a tradition that has existed in Indonesia for many centuries – probably indicates the changing nature of the tradition. Additionally, since there is no formal requirement to be accepted for study in the pesantren, santris often come from a variety of socio cultural backgrounds. In fact, the cyber model stresses diversity and integration rather than uniformity and fragmentation. Pesantren DT, is a model of a newly-developed virtual pesantren, even though the elements of a traditional pesantren setting still remain. Accordingly, both elements will be examined in this work. This book should be especially useful to academicians or anyone else who may be interesting in understanding the tradition and the growing nature of Islamic academic institutions particularly in Indonesia, and their relations with the issues of global social changes.