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Phi in Handwriting as an Indicator of Psychic Balance


Marketed By :  LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing   Sold By :  Kamal Books International  
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  • Product Description

Phi, the ratio of 1:1.6, is present in nature. This study examined the diagnostic potential of handwriting by determining whether phi was exhibited in individuals’ handwriting. Handwriting samples were gathered from archived writings by five criminals and five non-criminals. Lower, middle, and upper zone heights of the samples were measured. Zonal proportions were calculated as ratios among the letter heights for each zone. The non-criminal group’s zonal ratio was 1.66, which a t-test showed to be statistically equal to phi. The criminal group’s zonal ratio was 3.51, which a t-test showed to be significantly different than phi. Zonal proportions within people’s handwriting provide insight into their psychological balance. Psychologically healthier people exhibit proportions close to phi. Therapists may use a client’s handwriting as an indicator of health or therapeutic progress. Future study of handwriting is recommended.

Product Specifications
SKU :COC35574
AuthorLisa Schuetz Kuimjian
Number of Pages96
Publishing Year10/21/2012
Edition1 st
Book TypePsychology
Country of ManufactureIndia
Product BrandLAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Product Packaging InfoBox
In The Box1 Piece
Product First Available On ClickOnCare.com2015-07-31 00:00:00